Wednesday, January 18, 2017

Fulgobhi ki kheti kaise kare puri jankari in hindi






Pakaye ki image
Fulgobhi ka kheti

thandi ke mausam me fulgobhi ka utpadn hota hai. fulgobhi India me bohut famous bhi hai. fulgobhi ka kheti karke bohut income bhi kar sakte hai. actually fulgobhi bideshi sabji. lekin India me jab Englishman aya tha uss samay se in logo ne iska kheti ka prachalan kiya. fulgobhi winter ka sabji lekin ab bina winter me bhi kheti kar sakte.



Fulgobhi ka nutrition value kya hai ?


Fulgobhi ka jis bhag khane ka hai wo hai uska ful. per 100 gm fulgobhi me nutrition hota hai:-

1. Carbohydrate - 4 gm
2. Protein - 2.6 gm
3. Fat - 0.6 gm
4. Vitamin - A, I, U
5. Calcium - 33 mg
6. Fasfarash - 57 mg
7. Iron - 1.5 mg
8. Potaciam - 138 mg
9. Vitamin - C 55 mg



Fulgobhi ka bheshajo gun:


Fulgobhi animiya rog ke liye bohut faideman hai. isme vitamin 'C' hota hai isliye rog pratirodh ka power adhik hota hai. fulgobhi me potassium aur sodium raheta hai iske karan high blood pressure aur heart stroke me help karta hai. fulgobhi me 'flavonoid' hai isliye jarayu cancer ke possibility kam karta hai.



Jalabayu and mitti:

Fulgobhi thandi mausam ka sabji. isliye bohut jyada garmi ke time fulgobhi ka kheti nehi ho sakta. fulgobhi ke liye 15°c se 20°c tapman ka jarurat hai. thandi ke mausam me wet weather me bohut hanikarak hota hai. iske liye bohut garam aur bohut thandi weather me production kam hota hai.



Pakaye ki image
Fulgobhi ka kheti


Fulgobhi ka quality:

ajkal log bina winter me bhi fulgobhi ka bohut demand hai. isliye Government aur non government organization experiment kar rahe ki bina winter me bhi fulgobhi ka kheti kaise karwa jaye. isliye unlog ne 3 shreni ka fulgobhi le aya. wo hai 1. Jaldi 2. Medium 3. Nabi

1. Jaldi: iss prakar fulgobhi ke liye barish ka koi risk nehi hai. iska kheti karne ke liye irrigation ka subidha hona chahiye. iske liye pani ka jarurat hai. isi khet me uska kheti kare to bohut profit hoga. podha ropan karne ka samay Jun - July hai. iska unnata jat hai Jawarmoti, Pusadipali, Pusakataki, Jaldi Patnai, Arlikunwari etc. iska hybrid prakar bhi hai jaisa Himani, White Baran, Safed Moti, White Contesa etc.


2. Medium: iss prakar fulgobhi ka podha ropan karne ke time July - August mahina hai. iss prakar fulgobhi ka nam hai Aghrani, Pusa Early Slobal, Giant Slobal, Improved Japani, Pusa shubhra, Pusa Synthetic etc.

3. Nabi: iss prakar ka podha ropan karne ka samay September - October month hai. iss prakar fulgobhi ka nam hai Pusa Slobal-1, Slobal - 15 Daniya, Pusa Himjyoti, Sari, Let Banaras etc. hybrid prakar ka nam hai Guirdian.



Fulgobhi ka podha kaise toiyar kare

Mitti ka tob me ya mitte me podha toiyar kar sakte hai. iske liye mitte ka refined karna jaruri hai. Formalin ke sath mitti ka refined karna hoga. extra dhup se podha ko bachana hoga. barish se bhi bachana hoga. bij mitti me dene ke bad mitti se cover karna hoga. regular isme pani dena hoga. 1 bigha jamin ke liye jaldi ka 90-100 gm aur nabi ke liye 70 gm bij ka jarurat hai. podha nikalne ka ek din pahele pani dekar bijtala bhijne dijiye.



Khet kaise toiyar kare

podhaa toiyar hone se pahele khet  toiyar karna hoga. khet toiyar karne ke liye 3 se 4 bar tractor se land ko thik karna hoga. land ka ghas nikalna hoga. land ko ek level karna hoga. chhota chhota plot banana chahiye. ek plot se dusra plot ka middle me pani nikalne ke liye space rakhna hoga.


Podha ropan kaise kare

3 - 4 week aur 4 - 5 patte huya isi podha ropan karne ke liye thik mane jate hai. Jaldi podha ke 45*45 cm space me ropan karna thik hai. Medium podha ke liye 60*45 cm aur nabi podha liye 60*60 cm ka space rakhna hoga. podha ropa ka achchha samay dhup nehi hona chahiye yani after noon thik time hai.

    Fulgobhi ka khet me bohut jaiba khad dena chahiye. 1 bigha jamin me jaiba khad lagega 20 quintal. Nytrozen 16 kg, phaspharas - 8 kg, Potassium - 8 kg. iske liye lagega 35 kg uria, 50 kg single super phosphate aur 13 kg muret of potash. adha bhag uria aur sab khad podha ropan karne ka 15 - 20 din bad aur bacha huya uria 30 - 40 din bad dena hoga. iske sath 1 bigha bhumio me 150 - 200 gm sodium aur 1.5 kg sohaga bhumi me dena hoga.



Irrigation - sinchai:
Podha boya yani ropan karne ke bad halka podha ke upar jhari ke sahayata se pani dena chahiye. podha mitti me lagne ke bad 7 din ke andar 2 bar pani sinchai karna hoga. podha bada hone ke bad 7 din ke bad bad sinchai karna hota hai.



Pakaye ki image
Fulgobhi ka kheti


Fasal production:

Quality ke anusar fulgobhi ka size hota hai. fulgobhi naram hone ke samay bhumio se collection kar lijiye. jyada time lagane se fulgobhi ka ful kharab ho sakta hai. subah ke time fulgobhi collection karna thik hai. dhup me fulgobhi kharab ho jata hai. fulgobhi ka kharab patte bazar me le jane ke pahele kat dena thik hai. Jaaldi prakar ka fulgobhi ka production kam hota hai. 1
 bigha bhumio me 25 - 30 quintal. lekin medium aur nabi me 35 se 40 quintal fulgobhi production hota hai.




Fulgobhi ka rog aur insect problem


Fulgobhi ka kheti me podha ropan se fasal collection ke thik pahele bohut rog aur kit yani insect ka pratirodh karne ke liye sajag hona chahiye. iss samay fulgobhi ka dekhbhal achchhi tarha karna chahpattafulgobhi me kuchh rog ajata hai. 1. Goda pacha 2. Shikad kola 3. Kala pacha 4. Badami pacha 5. Kaste patta.



      kuchh insect ka bhi akraman hota hai.

1. Matha chidrakari insect: iss insect fulgobhi aur bandha kobi ke liye danger sabit hota hai. iss insect Jaldi prakar ka fulgobhi me ata hai. iske liye nim tel spray karna chahiye.

2. Jab insect : fulgobhi podha ka growth badne nehi deta. iss insect fulgobhi ka patte ka ras nikal lete hai. iske liye dantop spray karna jaruri hai.

3.Leda insect: iss insect ka kam bhi patte me. fulgobhi ka patta kha jate hai. iske liye nimtel ya carbaril spray karna jaruri hai.


fulgobhi ka kheti ke bare me jyada jankari ke liye comment kare. achchha laga to apka friend ko share kare.

Related Posts

0 comments: